From quills to the modern fountain pens available today, writing tools have undergone numerous changes.
Writing with feather quills dates back to the 10th century. The use of quills and pens which had to be dipped in ink intermittently while writing was found to be quite tedious and time consuming. Also, they caused ugly blotches on paper. Fountain pen with a reservoir to store ink was then invented. A number of modifications of the fountain pen have been recorded since early 19th century.
Roman inventor, Petrache Poenaru received a patent on May 25, 1827, for the invention of the first fountain pen with a barrel.This pen too was not free of faults as the flow of ink was not regulated which sometimes caused flooding.
Lewis Waterman is credited with inventing the first practical fountain pen which overcame the shortcomings of the earlier pens. The pen had a tiny hole in the nib and grooves on the reservoir. The air allowed a regulated flow of ink to the nib with the aid of gravity and capillary action. Thus making writing more enjoyable!